Anwāru’l Bishārah fī Masāyil al-Ĥajji wa’z Ziyārah

December 3, 2007

For those visiting Rasulullah  صلي الله عليه و سلم please remember me in your Dua’s.


This is from alaHazrat’s monograph Anwāru’l Bishārah fī Masāyil al-Ĥajji wa’z Ziyārah which can be read in full here.

(1) To visit RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam is near to being Wajib. Many people dressed in the guise of friends scare one by saying there is danger on the way, there is illness. Beware! Do not listen to anyone and never return deprived. Your life has to end one day anyway. What could be better than losing your life in his way? And it is has been seen that whosoever clings to the Prophet sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam, he keeps them in his protection. WalHamdulillah.

(2) Make the intention of visiting the Prophet sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam when visiting so much so that Imam ibn al-Humam says that one must not intend to visit the Masjid Sharif.

(3) On the journey, be engrossed in the recitation of Durood Sharif.

(4) When the blessed sanctuary comes into vision, it is better to be on foot. Cry, bow your head, lower your gaze and if possible, walk bare footed.

(5) When you see the lightsome dome, increase salutations uponhim sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

(6) When you reach the blessed city, become encapsulated in the remembrance of the beauty of the beloved sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

(7) Before going to the Masjid, anything need that will cause your attention to be divided must be catered for immediately. Apart from his remembrance, do not indulge yourself in any useless talk. Perform ablution and siwaak without delay and bathing is better. Don clean, white clothes and new clothes are better. Apply collyrium and perfume and musk is the best.

(8) Now proceed to the blessed court with utmost humility [khushu’] and concentration [khuzu’]. If you cannot cry, at least make yourself look like one who is crying. Try hard to make your heart to cause you to cry and turn to RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam from the depths of your heart.

(9) When you arrive at the door of the Masjid, offer Salah [saluatations] and Salam [greetings] and wait for a while as if to ask permission from the Master sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam to visit him. Say Bismillah and enter with your right foot first showing respect at all times.

(10) Every Muslim knows the adab [respect] that is Fard [obligatory] at this moment. Your eyes, ears, tongue, hands, feet and heart must be free from any other thoughts [apart from the Messenger sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam]. Do not look at the beauty of the Masjid.

(11) If someone comes before you with whom you must converse, try to avoid it, otherwise, do not prolong it beyond necessary. Even then, your heart must be towards the Master sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

(12) Never, never say a loud word in the holy Masjid.

(13) Be assured that the life of dear Prophet sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam is real, physical and he alive just as he was before his demise. His demise, along with all Prophets, is just to fulfil the divine command and it is for one moment. There demise is just being veiled from the public.

Imam Muhammad ibn al-Haj Makki in Madkhal and Imam Ahmad Qastalani in Mawahib al-Ladunniya and other Imams raHmatullahi ta’ala ‘alaihim ajma’een say that:

لا فرق بين موته وحياته صلى الله تعالى عليه وسلم فى مشاﮪدته لامته و معرفته باحوالهم ونياتهم وعزاﺌمهم وخواطرﮪم وذالك عنده جلى لاخفاﺀ به [1]

 

“There is no difference in the life and demise of RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam in that he is seeing his Ummah, he knows their state, their intentions, their plans, the thoughts of their hearts. These things are so apparent to RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam that there is no veil in between”.

Imam Rahimahullah, student of the Muhaqqiq ibn al-Humam writes in his Mansik Mutawassit and ‘Ali Qari Makki writes in its commentary Maslak Mutaqassit that:

انه صلى الله عليه وسلم عالم بحضورك و قيامك وسلامك اى بل بجميع افعالك واحوالك وارتحالك و مقامك [2]

 

“Indeed RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam knows about your visit, your standing, your greetings, your actions, your states and all your positions”.

(14) Now, if the congregation [for Salah] is ready, then partake in it as your Tahiyyat al-Masjid will also be included in it. Otherwise, if there is excessive yearning and it is not the disliked time for Salah, then offer two rak’ahs of Tahiyyat al-Masjid to thank Allah for this visitation. Recite a minimal recitation at the place where RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam used to pray which is now the centre of the Masjid where the Mihrab is situated. If you cannot get a space there, pray wherever you can as close to this place as possible. Then fall into a prostration of thankfulness and pray to Allah that: “Lord! Grant me the respect of your beloved sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam and accept me and make me acceptable to the beloved sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam, Aameen!”.

(15) Whilst maintaining yourself at the pinnacle of respect, lower your head and your eyes, become ashamed of your sins so much so that you sweat and you begin shaking. Remain confident of gaining the pardon and benevolence of RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Enter into the court of RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam from the eastern side which is the side where RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam is facing the Qibla which will mean that the blessed, munificent vision of RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam is upon you. This is enough for you in both worlds. WalHamdulillah.

(16) With the greatest reverence, with fear and aspiration, stand at least four hand-spans away from the lantern that is situated on the southern wall of the blessed shrine opposite the blessed countenance. With your back to the Qibla and facing towards the blessed shrine, stand with your arms folded as you would do in Salah. Lubab and Sharh Lubab, Ikhtiyar Sharh Mukhtar and Fatawa ‘Alamgiri and other relied upon books explain this act of respect by saying:

يقف كما فى الصلوة [3]

 

“Stand before RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam as you stand in Salah”.

This is what ‘Alamgiri and Ikhtiyar say and it is in Lubab that:

واضعا يمينه على شماله [4]

 

“Stand with the right hand on top of the left”.

(17) Beware not to kiss or touch the blessed gates as this is against proper respect. You should stand at least four hand-spans away. Is his mercy not enough that he called you to his shrine and granted a space there? Even though his merciful glance was towards you everywhere, it is now with you especially with this physical nearness. WalHamdulillah.

(18) AlHamdulillah, along with your heart, your face is now also towards the pure gates that are the resting place of the beloved of Allah ‘azza wajal wa sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam. With paramount esteem and a mournful voice; with a sorrowful expression, a shameful heart and a torn liver; in a medium tone, neither loud or harsh [as raising ones voice in his presence causes ones actions to be useless] nor too soft [as this is against the Sunnah even though he even knows what it in your heart as we have seen above] beseech thus:

“Oh dear Prophet! May peace be upon you and the mercy and blessings of Allah. Oh Messenger of Allah! May peace be upon you. Oh the best of creation, may peace be upon you. Oh intercessor for the sinful, may peace be upon you. May peace be upon you, your family, your companions and the whole Ummah”.[5]

(19) Recite as much peace and blessings upon him as possible. Seek his intercession for yourself, parents, shaykh, teacher, children, friends and all Muslims. Continuously implore him thus:

اﺴﺌلك الشفاعة يارسول الله [6]

(20) Thereafter, if someone has conveyed Salam, fulfil their desire. This is binding upon you in the Shari’ah. This humble, worthless servant [Ahmad Raza] requests those Muslims who read this monograph to favour him, either during his life or after his demise, that when you are gifted with the visitation, present the following words at least thrice, may Allah reward you in both worlds, Aameen:

الصلوة والسلام عليك يا رسول الله وعلى الك وذريتك فى كل ان و لحظة عدد كل ذرة الف الف مرة من عبيدك احمد رضا ابن نقى على يسألك الشفاعة فاشفع له وللمسلمين

(21) Then move one step to the right so that you are in line with the luminous face of Sayyiduna Siddiq al-Akbar radiyAllahu ta’ala ‘anhu and say:

السلام عليك يا خليفة رسول الله السلام عليك يا صاحب

رسول الله فى الغار و رحمة الله و بركاته [7]

(22) Then move the same direction again so that you are face to face with Sayyiduna Faruq al-A’adham radiyAllahu ta’ala ‘anhu and say:

السلام عليك يااميرالمٶمنين السلام عليك يا متمم الاربعين السلام عليك يا عز الاسلام و المسلمين و رحمة الله و بركاته [8]

(23) Then move a hand-span to your left so that you are in between Siddiq and Faruq and say:

السلام عليكما يا خليفتى رسول الله السلام عليكما يا وزيرى

السلام عليكما يا ضجينى رسول الله و رحمة الله و بركاته

اﺴﺌلكما الشفاعة عند رسول الله صلى الله تعالى عليه وعليكما و بارك وسلم [9]

 

(24) All these presences are times of acceptance. Be sincere in your supplications and make them fully. It is best to spend more time in reciting Salawat.

(25) Then make supplications near the pure minbar [pulpit].

(26) Then offer two rak’ahs of nafl at the Rawdah al-Jannah [the place that is between the blessed shrine and the minbar has been called a Garden of Paradise in the hadith[10]] and then make supplications.

(27) Similarly, offer Salah at every pillar of the Masjid as these are places of acceptance and some as especially beneficial.

(28) As long as your are in radiant Madina, do not waste even one breath. Apart from the two necessities, stay as much as you can in the blessed Masjid whilst in the state of ablution. Spend your time in Salah, Qur’anic recitation and Salawat. Worldly talk is not allowed in any Masjid, especially this one.

(29) Make the intention of I’tikaf every time you enter the Masjid. As a reminder, there is a plaque that says: “I intend to perform the Sunnah I’tikaf”.

(30) If you can fast in Madina, especially in the heat, then this is beneficial as there is promise of intercession for the one who fasts.

(31) Every good deed here counts as 50,000, hence, strive to perform worship and do eat less.

(32) Finish at least one full recitation of the Qur’an here and at the Ka’aba.

(33) Even glancing at the blessed shrine is worship just like looking at the Ka’aba or the Qur’an. Hence, look at it in abundance, with respect, and recite plentiful Salawat.

(34) Present yourself at the blessed shrine five times a day or at least at morning and night to offer your Salam.

(35) In or out of the city, if your glimpse falls upon the blessed dome, then immediately face towards it, fold your arms and present Salawat. Do not pass without doing this as this is against proper adab.

(36) Missing the congregational prayer is a sin at all places and if done habitually, it is a major sin and Haram. Here, apart from being a sin, it is also extreme deprivation, wa’l ‘ayadhu billahi ta’ala. It is in the Sahih Hadith that RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam said: “Whoever prays forty prayers in my Masjid, freedom the hell and hypocrisy will be written for him”.[11]

(37) Never have your back towards the sanctified grave. Even in Salah, try not to have your back towards it. Rather, attempt to pray in a place where the blessed grave is not behind you.

(38) Do not perform circumambulation, nor prostration, nor bow so much that it is the same as ru’ku. The respect for RasulAllah sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam is in his obedience.

(39) To visit Baqi’, Uhud and Quba is Sunnah. The reward of offering two rak’ah in Quba is equal to one ‘umrah. If you wish, just stay at the blessed shrine. Sayyidi ibn Abi Hamza quddassa sirrahu would stand the whole eight days in this presence. One day he thought of visiting Baqi’ and other places but then he said that the door of Allah for the beggars is open, why should I leave it and go elsewhere?

(40) When leaving, present yourself at the blessed shrine – keep in mind all the manners of leaving that we mentioned in the chapter of leaving the Ka’aba – and incessantly pray with sincerity for benevolence thus:

“Oh Allah! Grant me death in the state of Iman and according to the Sunnah in the city of Madina and let me be buried in Baqi’.

اللهم ارزقنا امين امين يا ارحم الراحمين وصلى الله تعالى على سيدنا محمد و اله وصحبه و ابنه و حزبه اجمعين و الحمد لله رب العالمين

[1] al-Madkhal, ibn al-Haj – Fasl fi Ziyarat al-Qubur, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, Beirut – 1:252; Sharh Mawahib Zarqani – al-Maqsad al-‘Aashir, ‘Aamirah, Egypt – 8:348

[2] Maslak Mutaqassit ma’a Irshad al-Sari – Chapter: Ziyarah Sayyid al-Mursaleen, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, Beirut – p.338

[3] Fatawa Hindiya – Khatima fi Ziyara Qabr al-Nabi sallAllahu ‘alaihi wasallam, Nurani Kutub Khana, Peshawar – 1:265

[4] Sharh Lubab ma’a Irshad al-Sari – Chapter: Ziyarah Sayyid al-Mursaleen, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, Beirut – p.337

[5] Sharh Lubab ma’a Irshad al-Sari – Chapter: Ziyarah Sayyid al-Mursaleen, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, Beirut – p.338

[6] Ibid – p.339

[7] Ibid – p. 339

[8] Ibid – p.339

[9] Sharh Lubab ma’a Irshad al-Sari – Chapter: Ziyarah Sayyid al-Mursaleen, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Arabi, Beirut – p.340

[10] Ibid – p.341

[11] Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal – Narrated by Anas bin Malik, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut – 3:155

 

Allah reward Sidi Muhammad Aqdas for the translation, Ameen

 

http://www.sunniport.com/masabih/showthread.php?t=3807

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